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Tongass National Forest is home to the Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian Peoples, according to Women's Earth and Climate Action Network (WECAN International). Tongass National Forest. Most of its area is temperate rain forest and is remote enough to be home to many species of endangered and rare flora and fauna. Select from premium Tongass National Forest of the highest quality. "Forest Service lands, particularly inventoried roadless areas, are critical to drawing these visitors, and generate roughly $245 million annually—over two-thirds of Tongass National Forest visitor spending," Blanchard said. 383,000 acres (1,550 km2) out of 491,000 acres (1,990 km2) original big-tree, low-elevation forest area. The contracts guaranteed low prices to the pulp companies – in some cases resulting in trees being given away for "less than the price of a hamburger. [32] The forest has close to one million visitors each year. The Tongass, which is managed by the United States Forest Service, encompasses islands of the Alexander Archipelago, fjords and glaciers, and peaks of the Coast Mountains. [30][32] Tourism supports over 10,000 jobs in the Tongass National Forest, with about 10% being related to fishing activities.[31]. The steelhead can get heavy in this area, and anglers get a unique remote experience. Currently, large areas of the forest are protected by The Roadless Rule—The 2001 rule establishes prohibitions on road construction, road reconstruction, and timber harvesting on 58.5 million acres of inventoried roadless areas on National Forest System At nearly 17 million acres, the Tongass National Forest holds the distinction as the largest national forest in the system, dwarfing the second largest, the Chugach, by more than 11.5 million acres. Ultimately, virtually all timber sales in the Tongass were purchased by one of these two companies. Helpful . The Tongass National Forest is a lush rainforest with extraordinary opportunities to sight-fish for steelhead as they access the first couple miles of river from the salt. At nearly 17 million acres, the Tongass National Forest holds the distinction as the largest national forest in the system, dwarfing the second largest, the Chugach, by more than 11.5 million acres. The Tongass is the nation’s largest national forest and covers most of Southeast Alaska, surrounding the famous Inside Passage and offers unique chances to view eagles, bears, spawning salmon, and the breath-taking vistas of “wild” Alaska. Prix € € Moment de la journée. Democratic lawmakers in Congress have begun trying to reinstate the Roadless Rule for Alaska’s Tongass National Forest. Elle s'étend sur 69 000 km , ce qui en fait la plus grande forêt nationale des États-Unis. In response, a wide-ranging coalition of Indigenous communities, businesses, and conservation groups is filing a lawsuit targeting the Trump … Alaska’s Tongass National Forest is the last remaining temperate rainforest in the world and the largest national forest in America, but it’s now under attack. It hosts the largest known concentration of bald eagles and serves as a refuge for brown bears, which have declined in other areas of the country. It hosts the largest known concentration of bald eagles and serves as a refuge for brown bears, which have declined in other areas of the country. 110–161, H. Rept. [15], Much of the power of these companies lay in the long-term contracts themselves. [23] The timber sale was permanently stopped by a lawsuit.[24][25]. Capacity 6 persons. Scegli tra immagini premium su Tongass National Forest della migliore qualità. [6] The court found the Alaska Treaty of Cessation between Russia and the United States did not extinguish aboriginal title to the land, and that the creation of the Tongass National Forest constituted a taking of land from the Tlingit and Haida. This summer, zone archaeologists from Petersburg and Wrangell Ranger Districts accomplished a fun and interactive project in the native village of Kake - from a distance. The National Forest Management Act: Out of the Woods and Back to the Courts? Mooring buoy for anchorage. Washington (CNN) Federal protections for Alaska's Tongass National Forest will be lifted this week by the Trump administration, allowing "logging and other forms of … [17] Given the guaranteed low prices during contract days and the continued high cost of logging in Southeast Alaska today, one analysis concludes that, since 1980, the Forest Service has lost over one billion dollars in Tongass timber sales. In response, a wide-ranging coalition of Indigenous communities, businesses, and conservation groups is filing a lawsuit targeting the Trump administration rollback. The case was finally settled in 1968 with a $7.5 million payment that valued the Tongass at about 43 cents an acre. [4], After the creation of the Tongass National Forest, the Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska formed to challenge the federal government's rights to the land in 1935. The U.S. Forest Service and U.S. Department of Agriculture have finalized plans to strip vital protections from the Tongass National Forest in Alaska. In doing so, the new president would honor his commitments to the environment and ensure that this policy continues to serve the interests of all Americans far into the future. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} cruising in misty fjords national monument, ketchikan, alaska, usa - tongass national forest … While HR 1408 was passed out of the Natural Resources Committee, S 730 remains in the Natural Resources Committee of the Senate. Deforestation in Alaska's Coastal rainforest: causes and solutions. [29] Clear-cut lands lose the carbon sink of old-growth forest, habitat for wildlife, and soil stability, causing landslides. Further presidential proclamations of 16 February 1909 (in the last months of the Roosevelt administration) and 10 June, and in 1925 (by Calvin Coolidge) expanded the Tongass. Steiner, R. 1998. This fact has caused much controversy involving the business interests of Native Regional Corporations and the personal interests of local Native and non-Native residents of Southeastern Alaska. More than 500 miles long and 100 miles wide, it encompasses 80 percent all the land in Alaska's Panhandle, extending from Ketchikan to Yakutat. Jul 4, 2015 - The Tongass National Forest! With the passage of the Roadless Rule, inventoried roadless areas, 'for better or worse, [were] more committed to pristine wilderness, and less amendable to road development for purposes permitted by the Forest Service. [26], In October 2019, the Trump administration instructed federal officials to reverse the limits of tree cutting at the request of Alaska's top elected officials, including Senator Lisa Murkowski and Governor Michael J. Dunleavy. The Tongass’ thick overstory, made up of trees up to 800 years old, shades some of the world’s last healthy salmon streams. In 2003, an appropriations bill rider required that all timber sales in the Tongass must be positive sales, meaning no sales could be sold that undervalued the "stumpage" rate, or the value of the trees as established by the marketplace (2008 Appropriations Bill P.L. Los Angeles Times editorial, 21 December 2009. The trees can be 800 years old, Sitka spruce, western hemlock soar to the sky. "Forest Service lands, particularly inventoried roadless areas, are critical to drawing these visitors, and generate roughly $245 million annually—over two-thirds of Tongass National Forest visitor spending," Blanchard said. Given the high value of these areas for wildlife species, close to 70% of this old growth forest is protected in reserves and will never be eligible for harvest.[33]. Input from the tribes and the public will help determine the location and types of activities, and how extensively they will occur across the landscape. See more ideas about tongass national forest, forest, national forest. 12 h-17h. Federal District Court judge James von der Heydt ruled in their favor in December 1975[9] and March 1976,[10] enjoining clearcutting of over 150 square miles (390 km2) of the north end of Prince of Wales Island. An international border with Canada (British … Southeast Alaska is an extensive landscape, with communities scattered across the archipelago on different islands, isolated from each other and the mainland road system. 258 (1975), United States District Court, D. Alaska. Foresta Nazionale Tongass; La Foresta Nazionale Tongass vicino a Ketchikan, Alaska. Scopri le migliori foto stock e immagini editoriali di attualità di Tongass National Forest su Getty Images. 648 Mission Street Federal Building Ketchikan, AK 99901-6591. Tongass National Forest : Nel parco si possono trovare quotidianamente gli orsi grizzly alla pesca dei salmoni, inoltre molto diffuse sono le acquile di mare. Court, Anchorage), 4 March 2011, "Trump administration proposes expanding logging in Alaska's Tongass National Forest", "Trump to strip protections from Tongass National Forest, one of the biggest intact temperate rainforests", "Economic Realities in the Tongass National Forest", "The Tongass National Forest: Recreationalists' Paradise and Wildlife Lover's Dream", "Opinion: The Amazon forest isn't the only one in peril. Ketchikan, Alaska 78 … Share. Scattered throughout the forest, usually on remote lakes or bays, are 150 Forest Service cabins that can be reserved in advance (877-444-6777, 518-885-3639). For the fourth consecutive year the Tongass NF, Alaska Native peoples, local communities, U.S. Coast Guard, and the State of Alaska provided the Together Tree to the Alaska Governor. [18] Logging operations are not the only deficit-run programs, however. In June 2007, U.S. House members added an amendment to the appropriations bill to block federally funded road building in Tongass National Forest. [37], A study released by Audubon Alaska on 22 February 2012 showed that the Sealaska selection of the largest trees in areas designated in S 730 and HR 1408 is 1200 percent greater than the occurrence of these trees in the Tongass as a whole.[38]. Interactive map of Tongass National Forest, the Central and North Coast regions of British Columbia, Misty Fjords National Monument Wilderness, Petersburg Creek-Duncan Salt Chuck Wilderness, Pleasant/Lemesurier/Inian Islands Wilderness, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Coeur Alaska, Inc. v. Southeast Alaska Conservation Council, Southeast Alaska Conservation Council (SEACC), "Aircraft Accident Report Alaska Airlines, Inc. Boeing 727, N29696, Near Juneau, Alaska September 4, 1971", "Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska: About Us", Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska, "The Tlingit and Haida Indians of Alaska and Harry Douglas et al., Intervenors, v. The United States. Select from premium Tongass National Forest of the highest quality. [13], Finally, in 1990, a Federal District Court in Alaska, in a case called Stein v Barton, held the US Forest Service had to protect all salmon streams in the Tongass with buffer strips. Rising from the deep, rich waters of Alaska’s Inside Passage, Southeast Alaska is a land of ancient forests, mountains and glaciers with bountiful, diverse and unique wildlife. The most controversial logging in the Tongass has involved the roadless areas. 411). We have previously given praise to the extraordinary steelheading found in the Tongass National Forest in Alaska. However, the Tongass remained exempt from that ruling. More than 500 miles long and 100 miles wide, it encompasses 80 percent all the land in Alaska's Panhandle, extending from Ketchikan to Yakutat. Of all the old growth in the forest, no more than 11% of the remaining area will ever be harvested. The August 2020 internal agency audit found problems with oversight and administration of two large timber sales on the Tongass National Forest in Southeast Alaska. Browse 1,321 tongass national forest stock photos and images available, or search for tongass national forest bear to find more great stock photos and pictures. Proponents of the amendment said that the federal timber program in Tongass is a dead loss for taxpayers, costing some $30 million annually, and noted that the Forest Service faces an estimated $900 million road maintenance backlog in the forest. The floor of the forest is moss, ferns, mushrooms, and lichen. Facilities. Also in Southeast Alaska, but not in the Tongass National Forest, are the Glacier Bay Wilderness and a small part of the Wrangell-Saint Elias Wilderness, which are both administered by the National Park Service. Tongass National Forest is the largest national forest in the U.S.A. One must see it to appreciate the beauty of this awesome place as words cannot explain the lovely greenery & beauty of this amazing place. 648 Mission Street Federal Building Ketchikan, AK 99901-6591. The Wildlife Society, Alaska Chapter, 2003. At approximately 17 million acres, the Tongass National Forest is America’s largest national forest, encompassing the majority of the Alaska Panhandle in Southeast Alaska. Known as the Sealaska Lands Bill, the removal of 91,000 acres from the regulatory protections of the USFS and transfer of the land to Sealaska, a for profit corporation, created a huge controversy in South East Alaska. If spying some truly wild wildlife is on your bucket list, visit the Mendenhall Glacier Visitor Center and Steep Creek Bear Viewing area in Juneau, Anan Wildlife Observatory in Wrangell, Fish Creek Bear Viewing Area in Hyder, or Pack Creek Brown Bear Viewing Area on Admiralty Island, or immerse yourself in native culture at the stunning Southeast Alaska Discovery Center, located just steps away from the cruise ship docks in downtown Ketchikan. The Tongass National Forest offers outstanding recreation opportunities and facilities. The Tongass National Forest (Tongass) amended the 2008 Tongass Land and Resource Management Plan through a National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process. It was a great experience. However, installing roads in the vast wilderness areas of the Tongass is also a point of controversy for many in the American public, as reflected in the roadless area conservation movement, which has opposed further road construction on the grounds that it would promote habitat fragmentation, diminish wildlife populations and damage salmon spawning streams. The forest is administered from Forest Service offices in Ketchikan. Lewis & Clark Law School. An early supervisor of the forest was William Alexander Langille. La forêt nationale de Tongass (en anglais, Tongass National Forest) est une forêt américaine située dans l'État de l'Alaska, protégée au niveau fédéral. No. January 19, 1968", "Important Alaska Native settlement case started as grassroots movement", "Stein v. Barton, 740 F. Supp. [33] Current harvesting plans call for a phase-out of old-growth harvesting, to be replaced by rotation harvesting of managed second-growth forests.[34]. In the 1950s, in part to aid in Japanese recovery from World War II, the Forest Service set up long-term contracts with two pulp mills: the Ketchikan Pulp Company (KPC) and the Alaska Pulp Company. There is strong opposition to passage of S 881 coming from seven communities in the Tongass, most on Prince of Wales Island. The Trump administration finalized a decision that removed these protections from the Tongass National Forest, often called the “crown jewel” of the national forest system. Wrangell Ranger District. Tongass National Forest - Tongass National Forest. Ketchikan, AK 99901-6591, Phone: 907-225-3101 In addition, there are fears expressed by the Territorial Sportsmen that the northern goshawk will be listed as endangered if the bill is passed. [36] On 23 April 2009, Senator Murkowski and U.S. Rep. Don Young introduced a revised Sealaska bill (S. 881 and H.R 2099) that requests public lands that are both economically valuable and environmentally delicate. ZIESKE v. BUTZ, 406 F.Supp. Though its land area is huge, about 40% of the Tongass is composed of wetlands, snow, ice, rock, and non-forest vegetation, while the remaining 10 million acres (40,000 km2) are forested. The Tongass National Forest Under Threat. The World Wildlife Fund locates it in their Pacific temperate rain forest 'WWF ecoregion', a geographical area. Most of its area is part of the temperate rain forest WWF ecoregion, itself part of the larger Pacific temperate rain forest WWF ecoregion, and is remote enough to be home to many species of endangered and rare flora and fauna. This Act conveyed approximately 44,000,000 acres (180,000 km2) of federal land in Alaska to private native corporations which were created under the ANCSA. The forest is named for the Tongass group of the Tlingit people, who inhabited the southernmost areas of Southeast Alaska, near what is now the city of Ketchikan. Starting with the next session of Congress in 2011, Senator Murkowski reintroduced a slightly modified version of the Sealaska Bill and Representative Don Young introduced a companion bill (S 730 and HR 1408). 47900. However, the Forest Service also conducts NEPA analyses, layout, and administrative operations to support these sales, and as such, the government does not make a profit overall. The Tongass National Forest is an incredible resource — it protects a multitude of fish and wildlife, supports the cultural heritage of Indigenous communities, and provides one of the most powerful carbon sinks in the world. The Tongass offers great wildlife viewing opportunities. '"[27], While the Forest Service may reevaluate its approach to roadless area management in the Tongass, it must comply with the requirements of the APA [the federal Administrative Procedures Act] in doing so. 7 December 2009. Phone: 907-225-3101 TTY: 907-228-6222 Fax: 907-228-6215 . The Tongass is home to iconic species like the Alexander Archipelago wolf and all five species of Pacific salmon. Tongass National Forest Leave civilation when you enter this forest's old growrh woodlands. Forest Service Home > Projects and Policies > SOPA > Tongass National Forest Forest Service Schedule of Proposed Actions for the Tongass National Forest . Related Information; What is a SOPA? Matin. Hike or take a sled-dog ride on a glacier, stroll along boardwalk trails, fish in streams or the ocean, or relax at a remote cabin. Five species of salmon, brown and black bears, and bald eagles abound throughout the forest. Plus d'infos Voir moins. The Trump administration finalized a decision that removed these protections from the Tongass National Forest, often called the “crown jewel” of the national forest system. The Tongass, which is managed by the United States Forest Service, encompasses islands of the Alexander Archipelago, fjords and glaciers, and peaks of the Coast Mountains. Adresse : Tongass National Forest, Sitka, Alaska, États-Unis. The law's provisions cancelled a $40 million annual subsidy for timber harvest; established several new wilderness areas and closed others to logging; and required that future cutting under the 50-year pulp contracts be subject to environmental review and limitations on old-growth harvest. These contracts were scheduled to last 50 years, and originally intended to complement independent sawlog operations in the region. In 1974, the exclusive KPC contract for 800,000 acres of old growth forest on Prince of Wales Island was challenged by the Point Baker Association led by Alan Stein,[8] Chuck Zieske and Herb Zieske. U.S. Forest Service - Tongass National Forest Today at 6:00 PM Scientists puzzled over why coho salmon were not present in sections ... of streams and rivers that seemed like ideal environments while they crowded into other seemingly similar locations. The Forest Service maintains bear viewing facilities at Fish Creek (Hyder), Margaret Creek (Ketchikan), Anan Creek (Wrangell), and Pack Creek (Juneau). The process included public involvement, analysis in an environmental impact statement (EIS) and selection of the alternative to implement in the Record of Decision (ROD) signed on December 9, 2016. In a statement, Forest Service officials said the new plan would be subject to public comment for 60 days. Tongass National Forest. The Tongass National Forest is ancient and enormous, spanning nearly 17 million acres (69,000 square kilometers) of Southeast Alaska. The value was based on land value at the time of the taking in 1902, without the inflation or interest accrued in the past 66 years.[7]. Now Chrome Chasers is offering an incredible rate for the week of April 11-17, 2021 (four spaces). The forest interpretive program on the state ferries began in the summer of 1968, and was the longest-running naturalist program in the agency until ending in 2013. The Tongass National Forest is an incredible resource — it protects a multitude of fish and wildlife, supports the cultural heritage of Indigenous communities, and provides one of the most powerful carbon sinks in the world. Stay Connected . When Sealaska was created, it was promised additional land that was unavailable at the time due to contracts with pulp mills; much of this original land is now under water or in a watershed, and consequently Sealaska has requested different land. Three Alaska Native nations live in Southeast Alaska: the Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian. That just makes no sense. Filtrer • Filtrer Fermer. The Tongass National Forest was included in the Roadless Initiative passed on 5 January 2001, during the last days of the Bill Clinton Administration, and the initiative prevented the construction of new roads in currently roadless areas of United States national forests. Alaska Pulp Corporation and Ketchikan Pulp Corporation claimed that the new restrictions made them uncompetitive and closed down their mills in 1993 and 1997, respectively, and the Forest Service then cancelled the remainders of the two 50-year timber contracts.[16]. It covers a large section of the panhandle, extending from the Gulf of Alaska to the state’s border with Canada's British Columbia. The road system that exists in the region is in place because of the resource extraction history in the region, primarily established by the Forest Service to enable timber harvest. The area was designated in 1902 as the Alexander Archipelago Forest Reserve by President Theodore Roosevelt. With exceptions, the Clinton-era Roadless Rule restricted road building and … Tongass Land Management Plan Supplemental EIS, 1991. As of 2008, the Forest Service has released a new amendment to the Forest Plan for the Tongass Forest. Currently[when?] rainbirdmuse wrote a review Jan 2020. Dal 2001 la foresta del Tongass è tutelata dalla cosiddetta “roadless rule”, che proibisce la costruzione e la manutenzione di strade, coì come la raccolta di legname.Una tutela per l’ambiente ma anche per i contribuenti, poiché evita uno sperpero di denaro pubblico per infrastrutture ciclopiche immerse in territori isolati. For context, … in southeastern Alaska is the largest national forest in the United States at 17 million acres (69,000 km2). The Tongass National Forest is a… For FAQs and answers, please see our Prince of Wales Landscape Level Analysis Project (POW LLA) FAQs page. Univ. The Tongass National Forest offers recreation opportunities, some of which are found only in Alaska. Orca and humpback whales, sea lions, seals, sea otters, river otters, and porpoises swim offshore. In 1976, Congress removed the Zieske injunction in passing the National Forest Management Act. James Horrox, Tuesday, September 10, 2019. conservation. Operational Hours: 2020 … This National Forest offers unique chances to view eagles, bears, spawning salmon, and the breathtaking vistas of \"wild\" Alaska. (Photo by Rick Schwartz via Flickr under CC BY-NC 2.0) Welcome to the Tongass National Forest The Tongass is the nation’s largest national forest and covers most of Southeast Alaska, surrounding the famous Inside Passage and offers unique chances to view eagles, bears, spawning salmon, and the breath-taking vistas of … Alaska's Tongass is America’s largest national forest and is referred to as the "crown jewel" of the National Forest System. [14] One of the claims in Stein v Barton for protection of the Salmon Bay Watershed was partially enacted into law when Congress Passed the Tongass Timber Reform Act; however environmental lobbyists compromised with Senator Ted Stevens leaving the most valuable forest available to logging in the headwaters of the salmon streams therein. Timber harvest in Southeast Alaska consisted of individual handlogging operations up until the 1950s, focusing on lowlying areas and beach fringe areas. The Tongass is Earth's largest remaining temperate rainforest. The Tongass National Forest is an incredible resource — it protects a multitude of fish and wildlife, supports the cultural heritage of Indigenous communities, and provides one of the most powerful carbon sinks in the world. The Tongass National Forest offers outstanding recreation opportunities, some very different from anything you'll experience in National Forests in the lower 48 states. Older, mature forests have the greatest potential to sequester and store significant amounts of carbon, and to recover carbon that has been released to the … Fax: 907-228-6215, Take a virtual tour of the Anan Wildlife Observatory located on the Spanning nearly 17 million acres across Alaska’s southern coast, the Tongass National Forest — the largest national forest in the country — is invaluable. km) of land, making it the largest national forest in the United States. Most come by cruise ships arriving through the Inside Passage of Southeast Alaska. 6 h-12 h. Après-midi. A rollback of federal protections puts more than half of it at risk. The Tongass’ thick overstory, made up of trees up to 800 years old, shades some of the world’s last healthy salmon streams. ", The Tongass Timber Reform Act, enacted in 1990, significantly reshaped the logging industry's relationship with the Tongass National Forest. Those projects were Iyouktug Timber Sales ROD (record of decision), Scratchings Timber Sale ROD II, and Kuiu Timber Sale Area ROD. US District Court, Alaska. [19] For example, the forest type with the largest concentration of big trees—volume class 7—originally comprised only 4% of the forested portion of the Tongass, and over two-thirds of it has been logged. The Tongass National Forest is the largest temperate rainforest in the country. [29], Known by the U.S. Forest Service as the "crown jewel", the Tongass stretches across 17 million acres of land and is Alaska's largest National Forest. Other than for invasive treatments, Wilderness will not be considered for resource management actions. 632,000 acres (2,560 km2) of those lands were hand-picked old growth areas of the Tongass National Forest and are still surrounded by public National Forest land. The August 2020 internal agency audit found problems with oversight and administration of two large timber sales on the Tongass National Forest in Southeast Alaska. Further, they argue that existing roads are sufficient.[21]. Comments to the Chief of the Forest Service on the exemption of the Tongass National Forest from the roadless rule. Of the 5,700,000 acres (23,000 km2) of "productive old-growth" in the forest, 676,000 acres (2,740 km2), or 12% of the total old-growth, are slated for harvest over the next 10 years. [28], Trump's Forest Service removed most of the Tongass National Forest from roadless area designation in October 2020, allowing road construction and logging in more than 9.3 million acres of rainforest.

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